Instruction For Authors

EDITORIAL POLICY

Originality
The manuscripts submitted for publication must be previously unpublished research works written in English or Korean, which are not being considered for publication elsewhere. All the authors must have agreed to the submission and to the order of their names on the title page. They must also have agreed that the corresponding author may act on their behalf throughout the editorial review and publication process. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining such agreement.

Editorial review and revision (peer review)
All papers will be critically read by at least three anonymous reviewers, selected for their competence in the subject area of the paper. Acceptance of the paper will depend upon its scientific merit and suitability for the journal. A paper may be accepted in its original form or subject to revision. The reviewers' (and editor's) suggestions will be conveyed to the author, who will then have an opportunity to revise the paper. Manuscripts written by authors who are unsure of proper English usage should be checked by someone proficient in the English language before submission. Manuscripts failing to meet the standards or poorly written or formatted are editorially rejected without further review.

Proofs
Galley proofs in PDF format for an accepted article will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author for the correction of any printer's or editorial errors, not for addition of new material or revision of the text. Excessive alteration of an article is not allowed during galley proof reading. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. The proofs should be corrected and mailed to the Editorial Office within 72 h.

Publication Charges
Papers selected for publication in the J. Kor. Grassl. Forage. Sci are subject to a page charge of 300,000 Won (Korean currency) or 300 US dollars per 6 (six) printed journal pages. Should the selected paper exceed 6 printed pages, the corresponding author will be assessed a excess-page charge of 10,000 Won or 10 US dollars per page for each page.

Reprints
Free reprint copies of the published article will not be provided to the corresponding author. Authors can purchase reprints by requesting when manuscript is submitted. An order form with prices will be sent with proofs to the corresponding author. The reprint copy may be purchased for 30,000 Won (or 30 USD)/a paper.

Copyright
The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science reserves the copyright of all papers published in J. Kor. Grassl. Forage. Sci.

Publication Ethics
For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in the Information for Authors, 'Guidelines on publication ethics' of 'The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science' will be applied.


HOW TO SUBMIT MANUSCRIPTS

Authors should submit their manuscripts electronically via e-mail to the Editor-in-Chief (choiwh@korea.kr). The "date of receipt" that appears in the published paper will be the date when the handling managing editor received the manuscript.


FILE FORMATS

The format should be as a Microsoft Word document for PC or Mac (compatible version).
Manuscripts must be type-written, double-spaced with 2.5 cm margins on sides. Font size of 12pt and font type of Times New Roman are required. Manuscript should have page numbers with line numbering except title page and pages containing tables, figures, and figure legends. The text of manuscript (including title page, abstract, main text, references, and figure legends) followed by tables and figures should be in a single word file for initial submission. Each figure should be labeled with a figure number.


ORGANIZATION AND STYLES OF MANUSCRIPTS

Manuscripts have four types; Articles, Notes, Short Communications, and Reviews.

I. Articles
Articles are reports of original, scientifically sound research. Articles should be structured under the section headings I. Introduction, II. Materials and Methods, III. Results, IV. Discussion (or III. Results and Discussion), V. Conclusions, VI. Acknowledgments (if necessary), and VII. References. The standard length of a published article should be six printed page long including tables and figures. Major headings and sub-headings are numbered as I., 1., 1), (1), and ①.

The organization shown below should be followed (in the order given):

Title page
The title page should include :
  ∙ A concise and informative title
  ∙ The name(s) of the author(s)
  ∙ The affiliation(s) of the author(s)
  ∙ A brief running head (not to exceed 10 words)
  ∙ The name, affiliation, city, zip code, country, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail address of the corresponding author.

Place an asterisk after the name of the corresponding author. The affiliation address for each author except the first and corresponding authors should be indicated by superscript Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc).

(An example of the title page)

Studies on Botanical Composition and Yield of Grass-clover Mixtures Grown under Pine trees

Gap Dong Kim1, Gil Dong Hong2,* and Dal Su Lee1

1Grassland Research Institute, Suwon 441-350, Korea
2Dong Hae National University, Seoul, 100-101, Korea

Running head: Studies on the Grassland Development in the Forest

* Corresponding author : Gil Dong Hong, Grassland Research Institute, Suwon 441-350, Korea, Tel: +82-41-580-1111, Fax: +82-41-580-2222 E-mail: Gildong@grass.go.kr


Abstract
This must be both informative and concise. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. All non-standard abbreviations must be defined. The overall length should not exceed 200 words.

Key words
This must be provided with 3 to 5 key words which can be used for indexing purposes. Please avoid general terms and abbreviations.

Introduction
The Introduction presents the purpose of the studies reported and their relationship to earlier work in the field. It should not be a mini-review of the literature. Use only those references required to provide the most salient background to allow the readers to understand and evaluate the purpose and results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic.

Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section should be brief but include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated by a qualified reader.
Cite previously published procedures in References.
Describing routine or trivial matters should be avoided. Suppliers of chemicals should only be given if they are not generally available or are in some way unusual or are crucial for success. Manufacturers of equipment are given with model name, manufacturer name, and country (for example; gas chromatography (14B, Shimadzu, Japan).

Results
Results can be presented in figures, tables, and text, and the text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data. Sufficient data, including significance level, should be presented to allow the reader to interpret the results of the experiment.

Discussion
The Discussion section should focus on the significance of the results rather than a repetition of the Results section. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section.

Acknowledgment (s)
Acknowledgment(s) of financial support, technical assistance and so on are given in a separate paragraph.

References
References should be given in the text as Park and Lee (1981) or (Lee et al., 2000; Smith, 2006); the first author with et al. is used for papers with three or more authors. Where necessary, papers are distinguished as Kim (2009a), (Ha et al., 2000a, b). When several references appear together in the text, cite them in chronological order.

The Reference is given in alphabetical order. Each reference should contain authors' names, with initials (in capitals), the year, the title of the paper, the name of the journal in its full name, the volume and the page range. Titles of articles originally published in another language should be given in English translation (subject to available). References to books should include the publisher and the town of publication, with editor(s) and volume and edition number where appropriate. Authors should refer to the most recent issue for the format of references. References to papers accepted for publication but not yet published should show the journal name and, if known, the probable year of publication, and state "in press".
The following types of references are not valid for listing in the References section; unpublished data, personal communication, and manuscripts in preparation or submitted.

References should take the following examples :

[Journal articles]
Ji, H.C., Cho, J.H., Lee, S.H. and Kim, W.H. 2011. Effect of drought conditions on growth, forage production and quality of silage corn at paddy field. Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. 31:47-54.
Kim, M.H. and Jeon, B.T. 2012. Study on the blood constituents and velvet antler composition in deer. Journal of Animal Science and Technology (in press).

[Books or Book Section]
Evans, L.T. 1975. Crop physiology. Cambridge University Press. London. pp. 374-377.
Christie, W.W. 1993. Preparation of ester derived fatty acids for chromatographic analysis. In: W.W. Chrisitie (Ed.), Advances in lipid methodology – Two, Oily Press. Dundee. UK. pp. 69-111.
AOAC 2007. Official methods of analysis. 18th ed, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, p. 931.

[Thesis, Conference Proceedings]
Kim, M.H. 2002. Study on the blood constituents and velvet antler composition in deer. Ph.D. thesis. Konkuk University. Seoul. Korea.
Kim, S.Y., Sung, K.I. and Kim, B.W. 2010. Plant height, dry matter yield and forage quality at different maturity of reed. Proceedings of 2010 Annual Congress of Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. Jinju. Korea. pp. 146-147.

[Others]
SAS (2008) SAS/STAT Software for PC. Release 9.2, SAS Institute Inc. Cary. NC. USA.
Food and Drug Administration. Antibiotic resistance in livestock. Available from:
http://www.fda.gov/downloads/AnimalVeterinary/SafetyHealth/AntimicrobialResistance/UCM134 733.pdf. Accessed Jan. 30, 2010.

Figure legends
Figure legends should contain a brief description of the experiments so that the figure can be understood without reference to the body of the text. However, the legend should not repeat Materials and Methods or contain interpretive statements.

Tables
Tables should be type-written, together with their title, separately from the main text and in an appropriate font size to preferably fit each table on a separate page at the end of text after the References. Their lay-out should be suitable for printing as either single column (7.5 cm) or double column (16 cm) width.
Avoid vertical rulings (lines) and keep horizontal rulings to a minimum. Each table must be numbered with Arabic numerals (e.g., Table 1, Table 2).
Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc), not symbols.
Each column in a table must have a heading, and abbreviations, when necessary, should be defined in the footnotes.

Figures
Figures should be provided separately from the main text.
Use Arabic numerals to number all figures (e.g., Fig. 1, Fig. 2) according to their sequence in the text.
The figure number must appear well outside the boundaries of the image itself. Multi-part figures should be numbered in uppercase and bold font letters (A, B, C, etc.) without parenthesis, both on the figure itself and in the figure legends.
Note that figures may have to be reduced in size to fit the one-column (7.5 cm) or two-column (16 cm) space of the printed page, as determined by the journal designer.
The preferred symbols for graphs are ○, ●, ◊, 󰋮, 󰋫, ■, △, ▴, ▽ and ▾. Where possible, the same symbol should be used for the same quantity in different figures. Blurred images will not be accepted. The author(s) will be required to pay for reproduction of color photographs. Any figures submitted in color will be reviewed and processed with the understanding that the figure will be published in color.


II. Notes

Notes are short reports for the presentation of brief observation that have insufficient material to fulfill the structure of the Article. They are intended for reporting preliminary studies or brief studies of a descriptive nature. Notes should be arranged in the same way as full-length research articles and the standard length of a published Note should be two printed page long including tables and figures.


III. Short Communications

Short Communications are short reports for the rapid presentation of new observation. Short Communications should be arranged in the same way as Articles. The standard length of a published Short Communications should be two printed page long including tables and figures, which is approximately the equivalent of a Word document of 4 (four) A4 pages of double-spaced 12 pt Times New Roman font.


IV. Reviews

Reviews provide an analysis of a scientific or applied field, which include all important findings and bring together reports from a number of sources. Review articles are normally invited by the Editor-in-Chief or the Editorial Board. Reviews should be structured under appropriate section such as Introduction, Main issue, Conclusion, and References with no restriction in format. There is no length limitation for Mini-Reviews. Reviews are subjected to independent peer review, and the Editor-in-Chief may request changes, or decide not to proceed with publication.


UNITS, ABBREVIATIONS AND NOMENCLATURE

Authors should consult a current issue for guidance. Always use Arabic numerals with units. All abbreviations should be defined at their first use in the text only; do not repeat the definition of abbreviations thereafter. SI and metric units should be used whenever possible. Please always leave a space between the number and the unit except '%' and ';' e.g. 100 mM not 100 mM. If you use %, always state if this is v/v, w/v, v/w or w/w. Abbreviations are never made plural. Mixtures of solvents are given as chloroform/methanol (2:1, v/v) or methanol/water/acetic acid (60:35:5, by vol.).

Followings are the example of unit style.